|SOUTHSEA CASTLE||Castles & Historic Monuments|
|Clarence Esplanade, Southsea, PO5 3PA|
Southsea Castle was one in a series of forts constructed for King Henry VIII, in what was the most ambitious scheme of coastal defence since Roman times.
The castle was built in great haste in 1544, prompted by Henry VIII's fears of a French attack on Portsmouth.
It was not long finished when on 18 July 1545, a French invasion fleet did approach Portsmouth and landed on the Isle of White. Henry VIII was at Southsea Castle when the Mary Rose sank next day.
The castle was to be an active military base for over 400 years.
Not until 1960 was the castle finally withdrawn from active service and purchased by Portsmouth City Council.
|HURST CASTLE||Castles & Historic Monuments|
|Keyhaven, Lymington, Hampshire, SO41 0TP|
Completed in 1544, Hurst Castle was built by Henry VIII at the end of a shingle spit which extends 1-mile from Milford-on-Sea only miles from the Isle of Wight. Access is either on foot, or by ferry. Charles I was imprisoned here before his trial and execution in London. Modernised during the Napoleonic wars and again in the 1860s, enormous armoured wings were added. Two 38-ton guns were installed (1870) and during World War II, the castle was manned with coastal gun batteries and searchlights. Educational and group visits welcomed between April and October. Refreshments are available in the tearooms.
|Tel: 01590 642344|
|WOLVESEY CASTLE (Old Bishop's Palace)||Castles & Historic Monuments|
|College Street, Wolvesey, Winchester, Hampshire, SO23 9NB|
Free admission. One of the greatest medieval buildings in England, the palace was the chief residence of the Bishops of Winchester. Its extensive ruins still reflect their importance and wealth. The last great occasion at Wolvesey was on 25 July 1554 when Queen Mary and Philip of Spain held their wedding breakfast in the East Hall. Please note: All enquiries to Portchester Castle.