Castles monuments in London
You are here:    UK  >  South East England  >  London  >  Attractions  >  Castles
Spacer

Castles & Ancient Monuments in London

Heritage sites also including Battlefield sites, Historic Landmarks & Roman Forts in London...

London Main Attractions Map





LondonAncient Monuments, Castles, Roman Forts, Battlefield Sites, etc

Buckingham Palace

Buckingham Palace Road, London. SW1A 1AA
Tel: 020 7766 7300     Web: www.royal.gov.uk
Nearest Tube Station: Hyde Park Corner

Buckingham Palace, London. Photo Colin Smith - www.geograph.org.uk

Buckingham Palace -
Photo: Colin Smith

  

Buckingham Palace is the Queen’s official residence.

It is here that she entertains foreign dignitaries and where  state banquets are held.

The palace is open to public visitors for just eight weeks each year during the summer.

The 2007 opening dates are: 31st July to 25th September, 09.45am to 6.00pm daily, with the last admission at 3.45pm.

Grey Rule

The Tower of London

Tower Hill, London, EC3N 4AB
Information Line: 0870 756 6060     Web: www.hrp.org.uk

tower of london

  

The ancient stones reverberate with dark secrets, while priceless jewels glint in fortified vaults and pampered ravens strut the grounds.


The Tower of London is one of the world’s most famous fortresses and has seen service as royal palace, prison, armoury and even zoo!


It is still home to the Crown Jewels and Beefeaters.

Nearest Tube Station: Tower Hill

Grey Rule

The Banqueting House

Whitehall, London, SW1A 2ER
Info line: 0870 751 5178     Web: www.hrp.org.uk

Banqueting house - London

  

This Palladian-style building was created for exuberant court entertainments but is probably most famous for a one real life drama: the execution of Charles 1 which took place here in 1649. It has a magnificent ceiling painted by Peter Paul Rubens in 1630-4.

Opening Times:
Monday – Saturday 10.00 – 17.00
Closed on bank holidays and from 24 December to 1 January
May close at short notice for Government functions.

How to get there:
Underground: Westminster station or Embankment station
Mainline stations: Charing Cross
Bus: No's 3, 11, 12, 24, 53, 77A, 88 and 159

Grey Rule

Crystal Palace

Crystal Palace Park - Photo © Peter Jordan
Crystal Palace Park -
Photo: Peter Jordan CCL

  

Although the iron and glass of the Crystal Palace are long gone, the Crystal Palace Park is once again a music centre of London and still retains many original and recreated features and elements, including the "Saurians" (dinosaurs) and "coloured fire" (fireworks) lamented as forever lost 70 years ago.


In 2003, the original dinosaur park was reopened to the public after a £4 million restoration. More...

Grey Rule

Hever Castle

Hever Castle - Photo © Chris Shaw
Hever Castle -
Photo: Chris Shaw CCL

  

Visitors to London can get to Hever Castle in about the same time it takes to travel from central London to Windsor Castle, and enjoy far better scenery along the way.

A visit to Hever can also be a lot more gratifying to discerning travellers and royal history lovers than other royal homes, since it is generally less crowded and boasts a longer past than some of the relatively newer, more popular royal residences in and around London. More...

Grey Rule

Windsor Castle

Windsor, SL4 1NJ
Tel: 020 7766 7304     E-mail: bookinginfo@royalcollection.org.uk
Web: www.royal.gov.uk

Windsor Castle is the modern day royal residence and an official residence of The Queen and the largest occupied castle in the world. A Royal home and fortress for over 900 years, the Castle remains a working palace today. Visitors can walk around the State Apartments, extensive suites of rooms at the heart of the working palace. For part of the year visitors can also see the Semi State rooms, which are some of the most splendid interiors in the castle. They are furnished with treasures from the Royal Collection including paintings by Holbein, Rubens, Van Dyck and Lawrence, fine tapestries and porcelain, sculpture and armour. Within the Castle complex there are many additional attractions, including the Drawings Gallery, Queen Mary's dolls' house, and the fourteenth-century St. George's Chapel, the burial place of ten sovereigns and setting for many Royal weddings.
Nearest Train
: Windsor Rail

Grey Rule

Highgate Cemetery

Swain's Lane, Highgate, London, N6 6PJ
Tel: 020 8340 1834

Highgate Cemetery was opened in 1839. The site is kept as the dignified resting place it was intended to be. Celebrated artists and sculptors created individual sepulchres. There is a small charge to get into the cemetery but it is one of the most amazing sites you will visit. The guides that take you around have wonderful stories and anecdotes to tell, not least when you come across the Aztec features in the centre. This really is worth a visit!

Grey Rule

Royal Courts of Justice

Strand, London, WC2A 2LL
Tel: 020 7947 6000

Housed within a magnificent Gothic building, the courts handle many of the nation's most serious civil, libel and appeals cases. Queen Victoria officially opened the Royal Courts of Justice in 1882. Consisting of more than three miles of corridors and containing more than one thousand rooms- the architectural scale of the courts is simply amazing, the interior of the building every bit as lavish and impressive as the exterior. As well as marvelling at the features and sheer scale of the building, visitors are invited to view an exhibition on the traditional court attire. The ornate Central Hall informs visitors of the cases currently being heard and their progress.
Nearest Tube Stations
: Holborn / Chancery Lane

Grey Rule

Trafalgar Square

London

Trafalgar Square was built in honour of Lord Nelson after his victory at the battle of Trafalgar where he was killed in the battle with Napoleons army. The square was built in the early nineteenth century to a design by the Prince Regents favourite architect, John Nash. The site had previously been a royal stable yard. The most eye-catching sight in the square is Nelson's Column, the eighteen-foot statue of Lord Nelson standing on top of the 171-foot column. At the Base of Nelson column is a cannon captured during the conflict and four bronze lions designed by Edwin Lanseer which are a truly impressive sight. The fountains in Trafalgar Square were added in 1939 and in full operation is a beautiful sight. Situated around the square The National Gallery and Admiralty Arch. This magnificent triple arched building was to be part of a procession route to honour Queen Victoria. Trafalgar Square is a must see!

Grey Rule

Downing Street

Downing Street, London, SW1A 2AA
Web: www.number-10.gov.uk

The most famous address in Whitehall and in London is of course number 10 Downing Street the home of the Prime Minister. Downing Street was named after Sir George Downing, the second graduate from the newly formed Harvard College in America. Downing Street has been the official residence of the Prime minister since 1732; it is also the location of the Cabinet Room and State Dining Room and official offices. Downing Street was open to the public butt is now guarded by iron gates, though is visible from Whitehall. Number 11 Downing Street is the residence of the Chancellor of the Exchequer and number 12 is the Whips Office. The black door of No. 10 guarded by a single policeman constantly.

Grey Rule

Hungerford Bridge

Charing Cross, Embankment Tube Stations

The Hungerford Bridge was designed by the celebrated Isambard Kingdom Brunel in 1841 and opened in 1845. The footbridge was built to link the Thames' south bank with Hungerford Market on the north bank. The suspension bridge, at almost fifteen hundred feet long, is supported by cast iron chains. After the completion of Waterloo station in 1847 the footbridge carried a considerable number of pedestrians and became a vital commodity for the capital. In 2000 a huge project was undertaken to create two new footbridges at the site. Dubbed the 'Embankment', visitors can see the huge building built on enormous stilts above Charing Cross Station.

Grey Rule

The Tower Bridge Exhibition

Tower Bridge, Tower Bridge Road, London, SE1 2UP
Tel: 020 7403 3761     Web: www.towerbridge.org.uk

Tower Bridge has stood over the River Thames in London since 1894 and is one of the finest, most recognisable bridges in the World. At the Tower Bridge Exhibition you can enjoy breathtaking views from the high-level Walkways, and learn about how and why the Bridge was built. The Walkways boast special viewing windows, which allow you to take photographs unobstructed by glass, providing you with the perfect photo opportunity. You can then visit the Victorian Engine Rooms, home to the beautifully maintained original steam engines that used to power the Bridge lifts. Exciting hands-on mechanisms and information panels explain about the ingenuous technology used over the years to keep Tower Bridge in motion. Tower Bridge also houses four exquisite and unique venues, which are ideal for all styles of Corporate Hospitality and Private events, including weddings and civil partnership ceremonies.

Grey Rule

Palace of Westminster - The Houses Of Parliament - Big Ben

Parliament, Westminster, St. Margaret Street, London, SW1A 0AA
Tel: 020 7219 5353     Web: www.parliament.uk

The palace is one of the largest Parliaments in the world. The layout of the Palace is intricate, with its existing buildings containing nearly 1,200 rooms, 100 staircases and well over 3 kilometres (2 miles) of corridors. Where Parliament now stands has been a centre of authority for over a thousand years. Once the home of the Royal Family, and still officially a royal palace, the buildings that now make up the modern Houses of Parliament have developed through design, accident and attack. The Clock Tower (Big Ben) owes its existence to a fire in 1834 that destroyed most of Parliament. A commission was set up to choose a new building design from 97 submissions and a clock tower dominated Charles Barry's winning plan. The clock swung into action in 1859. Parliament, as a political institution, has developed over hundreds of years. During that period the two distinct Houses – Commons and Lords – emerged and the balance of power between Parliament and the monarchy changed dramatically.
Nearest Tube Station
: Westminster 

Grey Rule

The Royal Mews

Buckingham Palace Road, St. James's, London, SW1A 1AA
Tel: 020 7766 7302     Web: www.royal.gov.uk

One of the finest working stables in existence, the Royal Mews at Buckingham Palace provides a unique opportunity for visitors to see the work of the Royal Household department that provides road transport for The Queen and members of the Royal Family by both horse-drawn carriage and motor car. The Royal Mews has a permanent display of State vehicles. These include the magnificent Gold State Coach used for Coronations and those carriages used for Royal and State occasions, State Visits, weddings and the State Opening of Parliament. A State motor vehicle is also usually on display.

Grey Rule