|Inhabited as far back as 6,000BC, it boasts standing stones dating to 4,000BC while a Bronze Age longboat - discovered near the site of a Roman fortress - has been dated to 1,000BC.
As well as mighty castles, lofty mountains, sublime, wooded glens and a landscape best suited to adventure, it is home to Scone Palace and the iconic Stone of Scone – the crowning place for Scottish kings - and well-known whisky makers.
The region is one of the top destinations for leisure in all its many forms, encompassing music, walking, cycling, angling, climbing, water sports and even ‘extreme’ challenges.
|One of its main passions is golf thanks, in part, to the existence of the famous championship course of Gleneagles.
Bizarrely, it boasts the world’s tallest hedge, Europe’s oldest tree and the widest conifer in Britain.
The latter is the only survivor of Birnam Wood, made famous by Shakespeare’s play ’MacBeth’.
|The region can also claim Beatrix Potter among its list of great names.
She spent summers at her family home, Dalguise House at Dunkeld, where she developed her life-long obsession with painting, drawing and wildlife.
|In fact, the ancient cathedral city of Dunkeld is one of the most remarkable places in the region. Largely destroyed during the Battle of Dunkeld in 1689 between the Cameronian Regiment and the Jacobites, it was rebuilt in the 18th century.
The fairy-tale Blair Castle at Blair Atholl, near Pitlochry, is both historic and popular. Seat of the Earls and Dukes of Atholl, it is home to the Atholl Highlanders - the last private army remaining in Europe - and boasts magnificent gardens and a rare collection of family treasures that fills 30 rooms.
|Scone Palace has an unparalleled pedigree, attracting visitors from all corners of the world.
Overlooking the salmon-leaping River Tay, it was once capital of the Pictish kingdom. Later it became the crowning place for Scottish kings and housed the Stone of Destiny.
A replica of the stone now sits haughtily in front of a tiny, gothic-style chapel.
Anyone taking a walk in the Palace’s 16th century long gallery will be following in the footsteps of the likes of Charles II, Bonnie Prince Charlie and Queen Victoria.
|On the edge of Perthshire lies the winter sports playground of Glenshee, a haunt of skiers, snowboarders and climbers, with the UK’s largest ski lift system extending over four mountains.
In the south of the region lies the tourist hotspot of Kinross, which boasts the Heart of Scotland Visitor Centre and the superb gardens of Kinross House.
|This area is also home to the mighty Loch Leven, the largest loch of the so-called Lowlands and a nature reserve since 1964. One of its islands has a castle in which Mary Queen of Scots was imprisoned in 1567 before she miraculously escaped by boat.
In truth, there is something of interest round every corner in this often-wild part of modern Alba. Aberfeldy, for example, has Dewars World of Whisky - “the ultimate Scotch Whisky visitor centre” – as well as Castle Menzies, where Bonnie Prince Charlie stayed on his way to the Battle of Culloden, and the waterfall that inspired one of Robbie Burns’ ballads.
There are also some great gardens to visit. Scone Palace has the country’s largest collection of orchids while Perth’s Cherrybank Gardens has the UK’s largest collection of heathers.