Nestling in the beautiful,
salmon-leaping Eden Valley, Carlisle has a long
and remarkable history, which is well displayed in
a number of local museums. Although it is close to
the Scottish border, the city has often been the
main guardian of the north and, in the long-dead
past, may even have been the capital of the
ancient kingdom of Rheged.|
Its comparatively small cathedral was founded in the 12th century but was ravaged by fires in both the 13th and 14 centuries, so there is little left of its original Norman architecture. Sir Walter Scott married here in 1797.
In the 9th century, when it was a Saxon stronghold, the city was pillaged by Vikings and later came under fierce attack from other marauders, notably William ‘Braveheart’ Wallace, Robert the Bruce, Oliver Cromwell and Bonnie Prince Charlie.
The most efficient way to discover Carlisle’s many charms is on foot. The centre contains an 18th century town hall, 14th century Guildhall and a museum displaying Roman artifacts from Hadrian’s Wall.