Newcastle upon Tyne played
an important role in the Industrial Revolution
predominantly in shipbuilding and its
industrial heritage continues today.
Its industrial past is celebrated in a number of museums such as the Museum of Science and Technology, the Joicey Museum and the Blackgate Museum.
Today, it is also rapidly becoming a modern cultural centre for the arts. There are a large number of historic buildings in Newcastle, including the ruins of the city's eleventh century castle built by William the Conqueror's son Robert Cuthous as well as the St. Nicholas Cathedral, one of the smallest cathedrals in England, built in 1488.